Maria Pilar de Lara Castells


    Dr. María Pilar de Lara-Castells

     Tenured Researcher Scientist

     Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (C.S.I.C.)   

     Instituto de Física Fundamental

     Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y de Agregados

     Serrano 123, E-28006, Madrid (Spain)

     Phone: +34 915616800 (941026)


    Group web-page:

Brief Bio-Sketch

Dr. María Pilar de Lara-Castells was born in Spain and obtained a B.Sc. degree in Chemistry (Quantum Chemistry)  in 1993 from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM, Spain). Through a Fellowship for undergraduate students, her scientific training started in 1993 as at the Institute of Fundamental Physics and the Institute of Material Science at CSIC (Spanish National Research Council). She was awarded a predoctoral Fellowship from the Spanish Government in January of 1994, which she took with Prof. Carmela Valdemoro and Prof. Pablo Villarreal at the Institute of Fundamental Physics (CSIC). During this period, the focus of her research was two-fold. One project was developed within the framework of reduced density matrices-based methodologies for electronic structure [2,10-11,14]. A second project involved the theoretical study of the nuclear dynamics (e.g., scattering and fragmentation processes) [1,5,7,8,12] and electronic structure of weakly interacting systems by using both state-of-the-art ab initio methods [6,9] and DFT-based approaches [3,4]. During this predoctoral period, she frequently visited the University “La Sapienza” in Rome, where she collaborated with Prof. Franco Gianturco's group. She received her Ph.D. Degree (Chemistry) the 19th of February of 1998 at the UAM with the maximum score, the Thesis entitled Electronic Structure and Nuclear Dynamics of Molecular Systems.

At the end of February of 1998, she started her postdoctoral research at the University of Bologna in Italy and the University Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée in France, advised by Prof. Paolo Palmieri and Prof. Pavel Rosmus, respectively. Her research was financed by the European "Theonet I" Network Program for young researchers. Her work at these institutions concerned, primarily, improved configuration interaction (CI) methods and their application to studies of pre-dissociation through electronic spin-orbit and Coriolis couplings [18], selective vibrational population transfer [17], and molecular spectroscopy [15]. From September 1999 through September 2001, she was awarded a Postdoctoral Fellowship, which she took up with Prof. Jeffrey L. Krause at the Quantum Theory Project at the University of Florida (USA).  At this time, she envisaged her own project to study, from first-principles, the adsorption and photo-desorption of open-shell diatomic molecules on semiconductor surfaces [19,21,22,27].

In January 2002, she returned to Spain through a Postdoctoral Fellowship from the Madrid Government. Besides continuing her project on molecular photo-desorption at a fundamental level, she worked on the electronic structure [20,14] and spectroscopy [16,23] of weakly bound complexes [30,31,33]. In June 2003, she was awarded a Ramón y Cajal (tenure-track like) position, which she took up at the Institute of Fundamental Physics at CSIC. From January 2002 up to June 2006, she co-supervised graduate D. López- Durán's Ph. D. thesis entitled A quantum-mechanical study of small helium clusters with diatomic molecules, which was approved at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid with the maximum score. At this time, she started to develop quantum-chemistry-like methods (e.g., Hartree-Fock [29]) to be further applied to the spectroscopy of doped helium clusters [25,26,35,39]. A second project was focused on quantum-mechanical studies of energy transfer processes with interest in the physics of the upper-atmosphere [32,37].

In November 2006, she was awarded a Tenured Scientific position. At the end of 2007, her work attracted independent researcher funding from the Madrid Government and the CSIC, under the program “Creation and Consolidation of New Research Lines and Teams at the CSIC in Madrid” (Ref. CCG08-CSIC/ESP-3680).  From December 2007 up to December 2012, she supervised graduate student N. Aguirre's Ph.D. thesis entitled Helium clusters: Spectroscopy and their interaction with the TiO2(110) surface, which was approved at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid with the maximum score. She held  Invited Professor Fellowships at the University Paris-Est of Marne-la-Vallée in France (2011 and 2014). From January 2009 up to December 2010, she acted as the Spanish coordinator of a CSIC-COLCIENCIAS project with the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. From November 2010 up to November 2014, she was Management Committe member of the COST Action CM1002 “COnvergent Distributed Environment for Computational Spectroscopy” (CoDECS), serving also as a panel member of the Short-Term Missions.

Dr. de Lara-Castells has acted as referee for international journals such as the Journal of Chemical Physics. She is co-author of about 70 peer-reviewed scientific publications. She has delivered seminars in about seven universities or research laboratories, having been speaker in more than 20 international scientific conferences. She has been the Chair of following international Conferences: (1) "Molecular Photoreactivity on Metal-Oxide Surfaces from First-principles: Photocatalysis and Photovoltaics" (FPMPMO-2009); (2) the CoDECS 2013 meeting; (3) the HeSSSMe 2014 meeting, having also been co-organizer of the first edition of the "International Meeting on Atomic and Molecular Physics" (IMAMPC) at Madrid, and co-chair of the first MOLIM WG3 2016 meeting at Bratislava. She has been also scientific committee member of serveral conferences such as the IMAMPC-2012 Conference at Pisa and the first general meeting of the COST Action CM1405 "Molecules in Motion".

Nowadays, Dr. de Lara-Castells is Principal Investigator of the National I+D Project from the Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad (Grant No. MAT2016-75354-P) entitled: MULTI-SCALE AB-INITIO-ASSISTED MODELLING OF QUANTUM FLUIDS AND MOLECULAR PROCESSES AT THE NANOSCALE. She is also coordinating the CSIC group with acronym ABINITFOT, particularly the working group entitled “Ab-initio simulations in helium, semiconductor oxide surfaces and carbon nanostructures”, Management Committe member of the COST Action CM1405 "Molecules in Motion", and representative of Working Group 3 focused on "Algorithms Development and High Performance Computing".

Dr. de Lara-Castells' research interests lie in ab initio methods for intermolecular interactions, the spectroscopy and dynamics of quantum fluid clusters, molecular photo-reactivity on semiconductor surfaces, the soft, helium-droplet mediated,  deposition and spectroscopy of atomic and molecular species on solid surfaces and in carbon nanostructures, the dynamical simulations of collisional processes with relevance in atmospheric physics, and methodological developments beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approach, and systems of biological relevance interacting with solid surfaces.


Real Sociedad Española de Física (GEFAM group)

American Chemical Society (ACS)


13 representative publications

1. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, and H. Stoll, "Combining density functional and incremental post-Hartree-Fock approaches for van der Waals dominated adsorbate-surface interactions: Ag2/graphene". The Journal of Chemical Physics 143 (2015) 102804. Special Topic: Advanced Electronic Structure Methods for Solids and Surfaces.  DOI:

2. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, N. F. Aguirre, H. Stoll, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, D. Mateo, and M. Pi, "Unraveling the 4He-droplet-mediated soft-landing from ab initio-assisted and time-resolved density functional simulations: Au@He300/TiO2(110)". The Journal of Chemical Physics (Communication) 142 (2015) 131101. DOI:

3. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, H. Stoll, B. Civalleri, M. Causà, E. Voloshina, and A. O. Mitrushchenkov, "A combined periodic density functional and incremental wave-function-based approach for the dispersion-accounting time-resolved dynamics of 4He nanodroplets on surfaces: 4He/graphene". The Journal of Chemical Physics (Communication) 141 (2014) 151102. DOI:

4. N. F. Aguirre, P. Vilarreal, G. Delgado-Barrio, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, and M. P. de Lara-Castells*. "Solvent states and spectroscopy of doped helium clusters as a quantum-chemistry-like problem". Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 15 (2013) 10126-10140. DOI:

5. N. F. Aguirre, P. Villarreal, G. Delgado-Barrio, E. Posada, A. Reyes, M. Biczysko, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, and M. P. de Lara-Castells*. "Including nuclear quantum effects into highly correlated electronic structure calculations of weakly bound systems". The Journal of Chemical Physics 138 (2013) 184113 (1-14). DOI:

6. N. F. Aguirre, D. Mateo, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, M. Pi, and M. P. de Lara-Castells*. "Helium mediated deposition: Modeling the TiO2(110)-(1x1) interaction potential and application to the collision of a helium droplet from density functional calculations. The Journal of Chemical Physics 136 (2012) 124703 (1-14).  DOI: Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology 25 num. 15 (2012).

7. M. P. de Lara-Castells* and A. O. Mitrushchenkov. "Collective Bosonic Excitations in Doped para-H2 Clusters through the Full-Configuration-Interaction Nuclear Orbital approach". Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2 (2011) 2145-2151.  DOI:

8. M. P. de Lara-Castells* and A. O. Mitrushchenkov**. "A Finite Cluster approach to an extended transition metal oxide: a wave-function-based study". Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115 (2011) 17540-17557. DOI:

9. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, A. O. Mitrushchenkov, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal. "An optimized Full-Configuration-interaction nuclear orbital approach to a "hard-core" interaction problem: Application to (He3)N-Cl2(B) clusters (N < 5)". The Journal of Chemical Physics 131 (2009) 194101. DOI:

10. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, Marta I. Hernández, G. Delgado-Barrio, P. Villarreal, and M. López-Puertas. "Vibrational quenching of CO2(010) by collisions with O(3P) at thermal energies: A quantum-mechanical study. The Journal of Chemical Physics 124 (2006) 164302 (1-10). DOI:

11. M. P. de Lara-Castells*, D. López-Durán, G. Delgado-Barrio, P. Villarreal, C. Di Paola, F. A. Gianturco, and J. Jellinek.  "Energies and density distributions of (4He)N clusters doped with Br2: a Hartree-like approach". Physical Review A 71 (2005) 033203 (1-10). DOI:

12. M. P. de Lara-Castells* and Jeffrey L. Krause. "Theoretical study of the UV-induced desorption of molecular oxygen from the reduced TiO2(110) surface". The Journal of Chemical Physics 118 (2003) 5098-5105. DOI:

13. M. P. de Lara-Castells* and Jeffrey L. Krause. "A periodic Hartree-Fock study of the adsorption of molecular oxygen on the TiO2 (110) surface". The Journal of Chemical Physics 115 (2001) 4798-4810. DOI: